An indicator is something the patient feels and explains while a clue is something that others like doctor or friends see in the patient. Example is the case of dilated pupils being a sign while constant sleepiness is a symptom.
Drug Addiction - an addicted person cannot resist or restrict himself to the intake of the substance be it drug, alcohol, cigarette. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).
Drug addiction can lead to strong cravings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
The signs and symptoms of substance reliance change as indicated by the individual, the substance they are dependent on, their family history (hereditary qualities) and individual conditions.
Signs and symptoms of substance enslavement may include:
It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Some of these symptoms include cravings, moodiness, lack of focus, depression, frustration, anger, or resentment.
The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Withdrawal also comes with insomnia. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
Even with the knowledge that health problems exist, addiction continues - The person keeps taking the substance on a regular basis, even though negative health problems are becoming apparent. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. For instance, a heavy drinker may reject an invitation to go outdoors or spend a day out on a boat if no alcohol is accessible, a smoker may choose not to join up with companions in a sans smoke bar or eatery.
Keeping stock - Addicts always stock up on drugs to make sure they have a decent supply even if it costs more than they can afford. They may ensure that this substance is made available by dipping into the budget of the entire home.
Taking risks (1) - now and again the dependent individual ensure he/she can get his/her substance, for example, taking or exchanging sex for cash/drugs.
Risky behaviours (2) - could also occur as a result of being under the influence, such as reckless driving.
Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. They either do not know or will not acknowledge that there is a problem.
Overindulgence - With some substances like alcohol, some types of drugs and cigarettes, the addict may take too much at a go. Some noticeable health symptoms like persistent cough, sore throat and blackouts that erase part of their memory could be the case.
Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The individual may swallow drinks down with a specific end goal to get plastered and after that vibe great.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. This can be because being on the substance impairs the user's judgement and they engage in risk taking behaviour or because the addict breaks the law to get a hold of the substance.
Money problems - if buying the substance causes a financial burden, and addict might sacrifice other things to make sure the supply is maintained. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Relationship troubles - drug and alcohol addictions can cause a lot of relationship problems.
Those who are addicted to alcohol and drugs on a technical manner may be exposed to the aforementioned dangers, but the severe urge to consume drugs and the withdrawal symptoms witnessed by an addict may not be present.