Drug dependence is an unrelenting illness that presents in obsessive, or out of control drive to access the drug at any cost even when one is aware of the danger and long lasting harm effects on their brain. Some of those who use drugs develop some dangerous behaviours due to these alterations in the functioning of their brain. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
Using drugs out of one's volition is the road that leads to drug addiction. With time, the user is unable to stop voluntarily the need to use the drug. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. This is mainly because of the effects of long-term substance exposure on the functioning of the brain. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
The workings of the human brain, coupled with human behaviour are altered by addiction.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It could, but through a complicated process. Since addiction is a chronic ailment, individuals can't just quit utilizing drugs for a couple days and be treated. Many of those under treatment need it over a long time or for the rest of their lives.
The addicts must be assisted to achieve certain things through the treatment for addiction, and they include:
stop using the substances
abstain from drugs
achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Principles Of Effective Treatment
These principles must be involved, if any efficient treatment program must be arrived at, as opined by several scientific researches since mid-1970s:
Though addiction is very complicated, it could heal completely, and it affects the workings of the human brain and human behaviour.
There is no particular treatment that is fitting for all.
Individuals need fast access to treatment.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
It is crucial to remain in treatment for a long enough amount of time.
The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
Treatment procedures must be measured frequently and altered to fit the patient's evolving needs.
Other possible mental disorders should be considered during treatment.
Therapeutically helped detoxification is just the primary phase of treatment.
Involuntary treatment for addiction can also be effective.
During treatments, the use of drugs by the patient must be properly observed.
People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
Therapy or counselling
medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Using a wide range of treatments tailored to the needs of the patient is a key to success.
Both medical and mental health treatment should be utilized as needed. Family or community based recovery support systems are some of the things involved in a follow-up care.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
The treatment of co-occurring health issues, avoidance of relapse and amelioration of the withdrawal symptoms are some of the cases where medications are needed.
Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. One research of treatment centres found that drugs were utilized as a part of just about 80 percent of detoxifications (SAMHSA, 2014).
Preventing Relapse The cravings for drugs can be lowered and normal brain functions restored in the patients with the help of medications. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Patients are assisted by behavioural therapies to:
change his/her behaviour and attitude related to the substance use
Learn to exercise healthy life skills
Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
Treatment is available to patients in many different types of locations which use various methods.
In an outpatient treatment programme, the recovering addict attends therapy sessions on appointed times. There are therapy sessions that a patient is alone with the counsellor and others that utilise group therapy, sometimes a patient may attend both types.
Different types of behavioural therapy are dished out by these programs, and they include:
cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
motivational incentives (contingency management), where abstinence from drugs is rewarded and motivated with positive reinforcements
Treatment is once in awhile escalated at to begin with, where patients go to numerous outpatient sessions every week. Subsequent to finishing escalated treatment, patients move to customary outpatient treatment, which meets less frequently and for decreased hours every week to help manage their recuperation.
Patients dealing with complications caused by long time abuse of drugs may benefit greatly from inpatient also known as residential rehabilitation services. Residential treatment facilities are licensed to offer safe housing and medical attention plus around the clock structured and intensive care. At the inpatient rehab centres, various treatment procedures are employed all for the benefit of the patient to help them attain a drug-free life void of crime.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
Rigidly structured programs where patients remain inpatient for 6 to 12 months are called therapeutic communities. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
Shorter-term residential treatment, which ordinarily concentrates on detoxification and also giving early extensive counselling and readiness for treatment in a community based setting.
Recuperation lodging gives regulated, brief-span housing for patients, regularly taking after different sorts of inpatient or residential management. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Habitual intake of drugs alters the normal functions of the brain, and various things can cause one to have a burning desire to take the drugs. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.